Bipolar, also known as manic-
The manic phase may last anywhere from days to months and may include these symptoms:
**The above manic symptoms are seen in persons affected with bipolar I. In people with bipolar II, similar but less intense symptoms occur.
The depressive phase of both types of bipolar entails serious symptoms of major depression including:
Psychotherapy can help persons affected with bipolar by teaching them how to recognize triggers so they can avoid or understand them, decrease negatively expressed emotions, and practice coping skills that keep the disorder in remission. Other types of psychotherapy such as family-
Medical treatment of bipolar ranges from mood stabilizing medication such as lithium (which helps to reduce suicidal behaviours), to anticonvulsant medication (which are typically more effective for rapid cycling), to anti psychotic and atypical anti psychotic medications (which are typically effective for manic episodes). Antidepressant use for bipolar is somewhat controversial and, if used alone, can produce adverse side effects. In most cases, antidepressants and mood stabilizers are prescribed together.